Question about WINE and adding the "low-level" CD access APIs...

Mike Hearn m.hearn at
Mon Jul 14 07:34:20 CDT 2003

> If someone can tell me what the low-level access that these protections use 
> is actually called (i.e. what search term to use in MSDN to look for 
> documentation etc) as well as info on whatever the relavent linux low-level 
> access stuff would be, I can look at drawing up some kind of "here is how 
> this could be done" document.

I believe ASPI is a commonly used interface. Certainly on a game I tried
last night, ASPI was used to try and do something with SecuROM.

> Similar low-level hooks could be used to allow things like AudioCatalyst 
> (program that converts audio-cd tracks to MP3 files) and anything else that 
> does lower level access to CDs/DVDs than the high-level file I/O APIs and 
> etc. (the day its possible to run Nero Burning Rom in WINE with no problems 
> will be a great day indeed for the project :)

If you implemented low level CD routines, that'd be why you did so. But
considering the wealth of Linux programs that are available for these
tasks, it's not an especially high priority.

> If this isnt fesable for copy protection and so on, please explain why (I 
> know nothing about copy protection or how to program the CD-ROM in win32)
> Basicly, I dont understand why there is a need for "protection-specific" 
> code in WineX when you could emulate whatever the protection uses and 
> appear just like real windows to the game...

Basically, at least some copy protection systems attempt to load the
Win32 equivalent of kernel modules. SafeDisc does this for instance in
order to detect debuggers and .... well, who knows what else.

If you use google power you can probably find the original analysis of
how SafeDisc worked, basically lots of disassembly was required, as well
as producing a user mode Wine version of the driver it used.

So, implementing support for copy protection is not so simple. Wine
cannot currently run native Win32 VxDs (or .drv files), they must be
rewritten for Wine.

Mike Hearn <m.hearn at>
QinetiQ - Malvern Technology Center

More information about the wine-devel mailing list