[PATCH variant 1] dsound: use a low-quality FIR for games

Andrew Eikum aeikum at codeweavers.com
Tue May 22 10:39:41 CDT 2012

Thanks Alexander. Thoughts below...

On Sat, May 19, 2012 at 09:09:35PM +0600, Alexander E. Patrakov wrote:
> There are two ways to implement a high-performance resampler, and I
> have prepared (conflicting, pick no more than one) patches for both:
> 1 (this patch): Use a shorter FIR with the existing code. This has the
> advantage of higher quality (unwanted frequencies are at least
> attempted to be rejected) and almost no new code.
> 2 (the other patch): Write new code. E.g., linear interpolation. This
> is what Windows XP does at its lowest quality setting, and it eats
> less CPU than variant 1.

Do you have an opinion on which of these patches to use? The
low-quality FIR has the advantage of not introducing another codepath.
On the other hand, the linear resampler codepath is very simple, and
even easier on the CPU.

I'm leaning towards the linear resampler for its larger CPU usage

> Also note that, as evicenced by the debugging patch, a Core 2 Duo
> E6420 @ 2.13 GHz _can_ resample more than 32 streams simultaneously
> from various weird rates to 48000 Hz. As GTA:SA reportedly creates
> only 16 secondary buffers, it _should_ have more than enough CPU time
> to mix them. IMHO, this makes bug #30639 look somewhat strange: on
> GyB's computer, GTA:SA stutters, while Darwinia (which looks more
> demanding about sound) doesn't. It may well be that in fact none of my
> patches are needed, and that the real bug is that the CPU-intensive
> cp_fields() function is called from a wrong thread or process. I don't
> have the expertise needed to debug this.

I did some research on this. Darwinia creates up to 32 buffers, like
you said. GTA:SA creates and destroys buffers as needed, and I saw it
go as high as 31 in a quick test. Darwinia's buffer frequencies range
in the 40-90 kHz range and resample to 22050 Hz, while GTA:SA's range
around 10-20 kHz and resample to 48 kHz.

So in each time step, GTA:SA requires about 1000-2000
get_current_sample() calls, but 4800 FIR convolutions per buffer.

Darwinia requires 4000-9000 get_current_sample() calls, but only about
2200 convolutions per buffer.

I suspect the convolutions are considerably more expensive than the
get_current_sample() calls, so I would actually expect GTA:SA to be
more CPU taxing. That should explain what's going on here.

We could test this on Gyb's machine by setting DefaultSampleRate=22050
and hacking <dlls/dsound/primary.c:primarybuffer_SetFormat> to return
S_OK without actually changing the primary buffer's format. That
should give GTA:SA similar cp_fields performance to Darwinia, and I
expect it would fix the lag issue.


More information about the wine-devel mailing list