Wine Packaging Guide update

Dimitrie O. Paun dpaun at
Sat Apr 12 03:18:31 CDT 2003


The Packaging Guide has no business being in SGML. I know, in
theory it's a good thing, but in practice is terrible, I have
to agree with Alexandre on this one. First off, the audience
for this guide are 5-6 people. As such, it has no business being
displayed on WineHQ docu page to confuse users. Second, these
people are highly technical, they are not your average Joe Blow.

Having this thing in SGML makes it close to impossible to
  (A) maintain
  (B) use from the command line
due to the TREMENDOUS amounts of markup. You just don't understand
WTF is going on in it. For example:

                Here we unfortunately do need to create
                <filename>wineuser.reg</filename> and
                <filename>winesystem.reg</filename> from the Wine
                distributed <filename>winedefault.reg</filename>. This
                can be done using <command>./regedit</command> once for
                one example user and then reusing his
                <filename><link linkend=WINECONFDIR></link>/user.reg</filename> and
                <filename><link linkend=WINECONFDIR></link>/system.reg</filename> files.
                  <para>this needs to be done better</para>

Needless to say, I'd think the people working with this would
like to be able to just open the file in vim/emacs/etc. and
make sense of it. As it stands now, they can not do that.

More importantly, the markup makes it soooooo hard to maintain.
Which is bad. For this one, SGML has only disadvantages.

The patch transforms a >2400 line unreadable document into a nice
540 line human-friendly text file.

NOTE: I am (was?) a strong believer in markup. I started this
      work because I thought the document doesn't belong in the
      Docu section, and needed updating, without being aware of
      the potential problems with SGML. By the time I was done,
      I was completely horrified by this SGML business. It has
      it's advantages, but they come at a hefty price, so we
      have to be very careful when we employ it. It works OK
      for documents that don't require a lot of markup, like the
      FAQ. In fact, in that case it _saves_ on formating markup.
      It works nicely for documents that are essentially books
      (such as the User Guide, etc.) where you can expect someone
      to print out the nicely formatted .pdf/.ps. However, for
      technical documents that need to be maintained often, and
      are useful as a online resource that people are likely to
      open in an editor, it blows chunks. Now I start to understand
      Alexandre's preference for troff for man pages...

Sorry for the long rant, I had to say it :)

Help with the last 3 FIXME left in there, as well as review & feedback
from our esteemed packagers (Adam, Gerald, Marcus, Ove, Vincent), would
be greatly appreciated.

Before committing this patch, make sure you do:
	cvs rm -rf documentation/packaging.sgml documentation/wine-pkg.sgml

  Transform the Packaging Guide into a nice ASCII file.
  Update it to the latest info, make it less prone to obsolescence.
  Updated the Wine executables from list produced by Tom Wickline.

Index: documentation/
RCS file: /var/cvs/wine/documentation/,v
retrieving revision 1.29
diff -u -r1.29
--- documentation/	1 Apr 2003 03:26:13 -0000	1.29
+++ documentation/	12 Apr 2003 07:46:01 -0000
@@ -51,9 +51,6 @@
 	winelib-porting.sgml \
-	packaging.sgml
@@ -61,7 +58,6 @@
@@ -69,7 +65,6 @@
 	wine-devel \
 	wine-faq \
-	wine-pkg \
 	wine-user \
@@ -106,7 +101,6 @@
 wine-devel.pdf wine-devel/index.html: $(WINE_DEVEL_SRCS)
 wine-faq.pdf wine-faq/index.html: $(WINE_FAQ_SRCS)
-wine-pkg.pdf wine-pkg/index.html: $(WINE_PKG_SRCS)
 wine-user.pdf wine-user/index.html: $(WINE_USER_SRCS)
 winelib-user.pdf winelib-user/index.html: $(WINELIB_USER_SRCS)
 wine-doc.pdf wine-doc/index.html: $(WINE_DOC_SRCS)
Index: documentation/make_winehq
RCS file: /var/cvs/wine/documentation/make_winehq,v
retrieving revision 1.6
diff -u -r1.6 make_winehq
--- documentation/make_winehq	3 Dec 2002 23:29:28 -0000	1.6
+++ documentation/make_winehq	12 Apr 2003 07:49:26 -0000
@@ -33,11 +33,9 @@
 ./db2html-winehq wine-devel.sgml
 echo "./db2html-winehq winelib-user.sgml"
 ./db2html-winehq winelib-user.sgml
-echo "./db2html-winehq wine-pkg.sgml"
-./db2html-winehq wine-pkg.sgml
 echo "./db2html-winehq wine-faq.sgml"
 ./db2html-winehq wine-faq.sgml
-tar czf winedoc-html.tgz wine-user wine-devel winelib-user wine-pkg wine-faq
+tar czf winedoc-html.tgz wine-user wine-devel winelib-user wine-faq
 cp winedoc-html.tgz "$WWWDIR"
 ## Create one-book HTML tarball
@@ -53,11 +51,9 @@
 db2ps -d ./print.dsl wine-devel.sgml > /dev/null 2>&1
 echo "db2ps -d ./print.dsl winelib-user.sgml"
 db2ps -d ./print.dsl winelib-user.sgml > /dev/null 2>&1
-echo "db2ps -d ./print.dsl wine-pkg.sgml"
-db2ps -d ./print.dsl wine-pkg.sgml > /dev/null 2>&1
 echo "db2ps -d ./print.dsl wine-faq.sgml"
 db2ps -d ./print.dsl wine-faq.sgml > /dev/null 2>&1
-tar czf winedoc-ps.tgz
+tar czf winedoc-ps.tgz
 cp winedoc-ps.tgz "$WWWDIR"
 ## Create PDF tarball
@@ -67,11 +63,9 @@
 db2pdf -d ./print.dsl wine-devel.sgml > /dev/null 2>&1
 echo "db2pdf -d ./print.dsl winelib-user.sgml"
 db2pdf -d ./print.dsl winelib-user.sgml > /dev/null 2>&1
-echo "db2pdf -d ./print.dsl wine-pkg.sgml"
-db2pdf -d ./print.dsl wine-pkg.sgml > /dev/null 2>&1
 echo "db2pdf -d ./print.dsl wine-faq.sgml"
 db2pdf -d ./print.dsl wine-faq.sgml > /dev/null 2>&1
-tar czf winedoc-pdf.tgz wine-user.pdf wine-devel.pdf winelib-user.pdf wine-pkg.pdf wine-faq.pdf
+tar czf winedoc-pdf.tgz wine-user.pdf wine-devel.pdf winelib-user.pdf wine-faq.pdf
 cp winedoc-pdf.tgz "$WWWDIR"
 ## Create SGML tarball
@@ -94,9 +88,7 @@
 ./db2html-winehq wine-devel.sgml
 echo "./db2html-winehq winelib-user.sgml"
 ./db2html-winehq winelib-user.sgml
-echo "./db2html-winehq wine-pkg.sgml"
-./db2html-winehq wine-pkg.sgml
 echo "./db2html-winehq wine-faq.sgml"
 ./db2html-winehq wine-faq.sgml
-tar czf winehq-shtml.tgz wine-user wine-devel winelib-user wine-pkg wine-faq
+tar czf winehq-shtml.tgz wine-user wine-devel winelib-user wine-faq
 cp winehq-shtml.tgz "$WWWDIR"
Index: documentation/wine-doc.sgml
RCS file: /var/cvs/wine/documentation/wine-doc.sgml,v
retrieving revision 1.10
diff -u -r1.10 wine-doc.sgml
--- documentation/wine-doc.sgml	1 Apr 2003 03:26:13 -0000	1.10
+++ documentation/wine-doc.sgml	12 Apr 2003 07:47:58 -0000
@@ -45,9 +45,6 @@
 <!entity winelib-bindlls SYSTEM "winelib-bindlls.sgml">
 <!entity winelib-packaging SYSTEM "winelib-pkg.sgml">
-<!-- *** Entities for Wine Packagers Guide *** -->
-<!entity packaging SYSTEM "packaging.sgml">
 <!-- *** Entities for Wine FAQ *** -->
 <!entity faq SYSTEM "faq.sgml">
@@ -140,14 +137,6 @@
-  <!-- *** Wine Packager Guide *** -->
-  <book id="index-pkg">
-    <bookinfo>
-      <title>Wine Packagers Guide</title>
-    </bookinfo>
-    &packaging;
   <!-- *** Wine Faq *** -->
--- /dev/null	2003-01-30 05:24:37.000000000 -0500
+++ documentation/PACKAGING	2003-04-12 03:46:52.000000000 -0400
@@ -0,0 +1,563 @@
+This document attempts to establish guidelines for people making binary 
+packages of Wine.
+It expresses the basic principles that the Wine developers have agreed 
+should be used when building Wine. It also attempts to highlight the areas
+where there are different approaches to packaging Wine, so that the packager
+can understand the different alternatives that have been considered and their 
+There are several terms and paths used in this document as place holders 
+for configurable values. Those terms are described here.
+    * WINECONFDIR: is the user's Wine configuration directory.
+	This is almost always ~/.wine, but can be overridden by
+        the user by setting the WINECONFDIR environment variable.
+    * PREFIX: is the prefix used when selecting an installation target.
+	The current default is /usr/local. This results in binary 
+	installation into /usr/local/bin,  library installation into 
+	/usr/local/wine/lib, and so forth.
+        This value can be overridden by the packager. In fact, FHS 2.2
+	( specifications suggest that a better
+        prefix is /opt/wine.  Ideally, a packager would also allow the 
+	installer to override this value.
+    * ETCDIR: is the prefix that Wine uses to find the global 
+	configuration directory. This can be changed by the configure 
+	option sysconfdir.  The current default is $PREFIX/etc.
+    * WINDOWSDIR: is an important concept to Wine.  This directory specifies
+	what directory corresponds to the root Windows directory
+        (e.g. C:\WINDOWS). This directory is specified by the user, in
+        the user's configuration file.  Generally speaking, this directory 
+	is either set to point at an empty directory, or it is set to point 
+	at a Windows partition that has been mounted through the vfat driver.
+        NOTE:   It is extremely important that the packager understand the 
+		importance of WINDOWSDIR and convey this information and 
+		choice to the end user.
+An installation from a Wine package should:
+    * Install quickly and simply:
+	The initial installation should require no user input.  An 
+		'rpm -i wine.rpm' or 'apt-get install wine'
+        should suffice for initial installation.
+    * Work quickly and simply:
+        The user should be able to launch Solitaire
+        within minutes of downloading the Wine package.
+    * Comply with Filesystem Hierarchy Standard
+        A Wine installation should, as much as possible, comply
+        with the FHS standard (
+    * Preserve flexibility
+        None of the flexibility built into Wine should
+        be hidden from the end user.
+    * Easy configuration
+        Come as preconfigured as possible, so the user does
+        not need to change any configuration files.
+    * Small footprint
+        Use only as much diskspace as needed per user.
+    * Reduce support requirements.
+        A packaged version of Wine should be sufficiently easy to use and
+	have quick and easy access to FAQs and documentation such that 
+	requests to the newsgroup and development group go down.
+        Further, it should be easy for users to capture good bug reports.
+Successfully installing Wine requires:
+    * Much thought and work from the packager (1x)
+    * A configuration file
+        Wine will not run without a configuration file.  Wine provides a
+        a sample config file and it can be found in documentation/samples.
+        Some packagers may attempt to provide (or dynamically generate) a 
+	default configuration file. Some packagers may wish to rely on 
+	winesetup to generate the configuration file.
+    * A writeable C drive
+        A writeable C:\ directory structure on a per-user basis. 
+	Applications do dump .ini file into C:\WINDOWS, installer
+	dump .exe/.dll/etc. files into C:\WINDOWS or C:\Program Files.
+    * An initial set of registry entries.
+        The current Wine standard is to use the regedit tool against 
+	the 'winedefault.reg' file to generate a default registry.
+        The current preferred method of configuring/installing
+        Wine is to run /toos/wineinstall.  There are several other 
+	choices that could be made; registries can be imported from 
+	a Windows partition.  At this time, Wine does not completely 
+	support a complex multi-user installation ala Windows NT,
+        but it could fairly readily.
+     * Special files
+        Some special .dll and .exe files in the C:\WINDOWS\SYSTEM
+	directory, since applications directly check for their presence.
+   * Executable Files
+	- notepad : The windows Notepad replacement.
+	- progman : A Program Manager replacement.
+	- regedit : A command-line tool to edit your registry or for 
+		important a windows registry to Wine.
+	- regsvr32 : A program to register/unregister .DLL's and .OCX files. 
+		Only works on those dlls that can self-register.
+	- uninstaller: A program to uninstall installed Windows programs. 
+		Like the Add/Remove Program in the windows control panel.
+	- wcmd :  Wine's command line interpreter, a cmd.exe replacement.
+	- widl : Wine IDL compiler compiles (MS-RPC and DCOM) Interface 
+		Definition Language files.
+	- wine :  The main Wine executable. This program will load a Windows 
+		binary and run it, relying upon the Wine shared object libraries.
+	- wineboot : This program is executed on startup of the first wine 
+		process of a particular user.wineboot won't automatically run 
+		when needed.  Currently you have to manually run it after you 
+		install something.
+	- winebuild : Winebuild is a tool used for building Winelib applications 
+		(and by Wine itself) to allow a developer to compile a .spec file 
+		into a .spec.c file.
+	- wineclipserv : The Wine Clipboard Server is a standalone XLib application
+		whose purpose is to manage the X selection when Wine exits.
+	- wineconsole : Render the output of CUI programs.
+	- winedbg : A application making use of the debugging API to allow 
+		debugging of Wine or Winelib applications as well as Wine itself 
+		(kernel and all DLLs).
+	- winedump : Dumps the imports and exports of NE and PE files.
+	- winefile : A clone of the win3x filemanager.
+	- winegcc/wineg++: Wrappers for gcc/g++ respectively, to make them behave 
+		as MinGW's gcc. Used for porting apps over to Winelib.
+	- winemaker : Winemaker is a perl script which is designed to help you 
+		bootstrap the conversion of your Windows projects to Winelib. 
+	- winemine :  A clone of "Windows Minesweeper" a demo WineLib app.
+	- winepath :  A tool for converting between Windows paths and Unix paths 
+	- wineserver : The Wine server is the process that manages resources, 
+		coordinates threads, and provides synchronization and interprocess 
+		communication primitives to Wine processes.
+	- wineshelllink : This shell script can be called by Wine in order to 
+		propagate Desktop icon and menu creation requests out to a 
+		GNOME or KDE (or other Window Managers).
+	- winewrap : Takes care of linking winelib applications. Linking with 
+		Winelib is a complex process, winewrap makes it simple.
+	- winhelp : A Windows Help replacement.
+	- wmc : Wine Message Compiler it allows Windows message files to be 
+		compiled into a format usable by Wine.
+	- wrc : the Wine Resource Compiler. A clone of Microsoft's rc.
+    * Shared Object Library Files
+	To obtain a current list of DLLs, run:
+		ls dlls/*.so
+	it the root of the Wine _build_ tree, after a sucessful build.
+    * Man Pages
+	To obtain a current list of man files that need to be installed, run:
+		find . -name "*.man"
+	it the root of the Wine _build_ tree, after you have run ./configure.
+    * Include Files
+	An up to date list of includes can be found in the include/ file.
+    * Documentation files
+	After building the documentation with:
+		cd documentation; make html
+	install all the files from: wine-user/, wine-devel/ and winelib-user/.
+     * Dynamic Wine Files
+        Wine also generates and depends on a number of dynamic
+        files, including user configuration files and registry files.
+        At the time of this writing, there was not a clear
+        consensus of where these files should be located, and how
+        they should be handled.  This section attempts
+        to explain the alternatives clearly.
+        - WINECONFDIR/config
+            This file is the user local Wine configuration file.
+            At the time of this writing, if this file exists,
+            then no other configuration file is loaded.
+        - ETCDIR/wine.conf
+            This is the global Wine configuration file. It is only used
+	    if the user running Wine has no local configuration file.
+	    Global wine configuration is currently not possible;
+	    this might get reenabled at some time.
+            Some packagers feel that this file should not be supplied, 
+	    and that only a wine.conf.default should be given here.
+            Other packagers feel that this file should be the predominant
+	    file used, and that users should only shift to a local 
+	    configuration file if they need to.  An argument has been
+            made that the local configuration file should inherit the 
+	    global configuration file.  At this time, Wine does not do this;
+            please refer to the WineHQ discussion archives for the debate 
+	    concerning this.
+            This debate is addressed more completely below, in the
+	    'Packaging Strategy' section.
+    * Registry Files
+            In order to replicate the Windows registry system,
+            Wine stores registry entries in a series of files.
+            For an excellent overview of this issue, read this
+            Wine Weekly News feature.
+            The bottom line is that, at Wine server startup,
+            Wine loads all registry entries into memory
+            to create an in memory image of the registry.
+            The order of files which Wine uses to load
+            registry entries is extremely important,
+            as it affects what registry entries are
+            actually present.  The order is roughly that
+            .dat files from a Windows partion are loaded,
+            then global registry settings from ETCDIR,
+            and then finally local registry settings are
+            loaded from WINECONFDIR.  As each set are loaded,
+            they can override the prior entries.  Thus,
+            the local registry files take precedence.
+            Then, at exit (or at periodic intervals),
+            Wine will write either all registry entries
+            (or, with the default setting) changed
+            registry entries to files in the WINECONFDIR.
+	    - WINECONFDIR/system.reg
+                This file contains the user's local copy of the 
+		HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE registry hive.  In general use, it will
+		contain only changes made to the default registry values.
+	    - WINECONFDIR/user.reg
+                This file contains the user's local copy of the 
+		HKEY_CURRENT_MACHINE registry hive.  In general use, it will
+		contain only changes made to the default registry values.
+	    - WINECONFDIR/userdef.reg
+                This file contains the user's local copy of the 
+		HKEY_USERS\.Default registry hive.  In general use, it will
+		contain only changes made to the default registry values.
+	    - WINECONFDIR/wineserver-[hostname]
+                This directory contains files used by Wine and the Wineserver
+                to communicate. A packager may want to have a facility for the 
+		user to erase files in this directory, as a crash in the 
+                wineserver resulting in a bogus lock file can render wine unusable.
+	    - WINECONFDIR/cachedmetrics.[display]
+                This file contains font metrics for the given X display.
+                Generally, this cache is generated once at Wine start time.
+                cachedmetrics can be generated if absent. 
+		You should note this can take a long time.
+	    - ETCDIR/wine.systemreg 
+                This file contains the global values for HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE. 
+		The values in this file can be overridden by the user's 
+		local settings. The location of this directory is hardcoded 
+		within wine, generally to /etc. 
+	    - ETCDIR/wine.userreg
+                This file contains the global values for HKEY_USERS.  
+		The values in this file can be overridden by the user's 
+		local settings.  This file is likely to be deprecated in
+                favor of a global wine.userdef.reg that will only contain 
+		HKEY_USERS/.Default.
+    * Important Files from a Windows Partition
+        Wine has the ability to use files from an installation of the
+        actual Microsoft Windows operating system.  Generally these
+        files are loaded on a VFAT partition that is mounted under Linux.
+        This is probably the most important configuration detail.
+        The use of Windows registry and DLL files dramatically alters the 
+	behaviour of Wine. If nothing else, pacakager have to make this 
+	distinction clear to the end user, so that they can intelligently
+        choose their configuration.
+        - WINDOWSDIR/system32/system.dat
+        - WINDOWSDIR/system32/user.dat
+	- WINDOWSDIR/win.ini
+    * Windows Dynamic Link Libraries (WINDOWSDIR/system32/*.dll)
+        Wine has the ability to use the actual Windows DLL files
+        when running an application.  An end user can configure
+        Wine so that Wine uses some or all of these DLL files
+        when running a given application.
+There has recently been a lot of discussion on the Wine
+development mailing list about the best way to build Wine packages.
+There was a lot of discussion, and several diverging points of view.
+This section of the document attempts to present the areas of common 
+agreement, and also to present the different approaches advocated on 
+the mailing list.
+    * Distribution of Wine into packages
+        The most basic question to ask is given the Wine CVS tree,
+        what physical files are you, the packager, going to produce?
+        Are you going to produce only a wine.rpm (as Marcus has done),
+        or are you going to produce 6 Debian files (libwine, libwine-dev,
+	wine, wine-doc, wine-utils and winesetuptk) as Ove has done?
+        At this point, common practice is to adopt to the convensions
+	of the targeted distribution. 
+    * Where to install files
+        This question is not really contested.  It will vary
+        by distribution, and is really up to the packager.
+        As a guideline, the current 'make install' process
+        seems to behave such that if we pick a single PREFIX then:
+            - binary files go into PREFIX/bin
+	    - library files go into PREFIX/lib/wine
+	    - include files go into PREFIX/include/wine
+	    - man pages go into PREFIX/share/man
+	    - documentation files go into PREFIX/share/doc/wine-VERSION
+	You might also want to use the wine wrapper script winelauncher
+	that can be found in tools/ directory, as it has several important
+	advantages over directly invoking the wine binary.
+	See the Executable Files section for details.
+    * The question of /opt/wine
+        The FHS 2.2 specification suggests that Wine as a package
+        should be installed to /opt/wine.  None of the existing packages 
+	follow this guideline (today; check again tomorrow).
+    * What files to create
+        After installing the static and shareable files, the next
+        question the packager needs to ask is how much dynamic
+        configuration will be done, and what configuration
+        files should be created.
+        There are several approaches to this:
+            - Rely completely on user file space - install nothing
+                This approach relies upon the new winesetup utility and
+                the new ability of Wine to launch winesetup if no configuration file is found.
+                The basic concept is that no global configuration files
+                are created at install time.
+                Instead, Wine configuration files are created on the
+                fly by the winesetup program when Wine is invoked.
+                Further, winesetup creates default Windows directories
+                and paths that are stored completely in
+                the user's <link linkend=WINECONFDIR></link>.
+                This approach has the benefit of simplicity in that all
+                Wine files are either stored under /opt/wine or under
+                ~/.wine.  Further, there is only ever one Wine
+                configuration file.
+                This approach, however, adds another level of complexity.
+                It does not allow Wine to run Solitaire 'out of the box';
+                the user must run the configuration program first.  Further,
+                winesetup requires Tcl/Tk, a requirement not beloved by some.
+                Additionally, this approach closes the door on multi
+                user configurations and presumes a single user approach.
+	    - Build a reasonable set of defaults for the global wine.conf,
+	      facilitate creation of a user's local Wine configuration.
+                This approach, best shown by Marcus, causes the
+                installation process to auto scan the system,
+                and generate a global wine.conf file with best
+                guess defaults.  The OpenLinux packages follow
+                this behaviour.
+                The keys to this approach are always putting
+                an existing Windows partition into the
+                path, and being able to run Solitaire
+                right out of the box.
+                Another good thing that Marcus does is he
+                detects a first time installation and
+                does some clever things to improve the
+                user's Wine experience.
+                A flaw with this approach, however, is it doesn't
+                give the user an obvious way to choose not to
+                use a Windows partition.
+	    - Build a reasonable set of defaults for the global wine.conf,
+              and ask the user if possible
+                This approach, demonstrated by Ove, causes the
+                installation process to auto scan the system,
+                and generate a global wine.conf file with best
+                guess defaults.  Because Ove built a Debian
+                package, he was able to further query debconf and
+                get permission to ask the user some questions,
+                allowing the user to decide whether or not to
+                use a Windows partition.
+This section discusses the implementation of a Red Hat 8.0 .spec file.
+For a current .spec file, please refer to any one of the existing SRPMs.
+1. Building the package
+Wine is configured the usual way (depending on your build environment). 
+The PREFIX is chosen using your application placement policy
+(/usr/, /usr/X11R6/, /opt/wine/, or similar).  The configuration files
+(wine.conf, wine.userreg, wine.systemreg) are targeted for /etc/wine/
+(rationale: FHS 2.2, multiple readonly configuration files of a package).
+Example (split this into %build and %install section for rpm:
+	CFLAGS=$RPM_OPT_FLAGS ./configure --prefix=/usr/X11R6 --sysconfdir=/etc/wine/ --enable-dll
+	make
+	make install prefix=$BR/usr/X11R6/ sysconfdir=$BR/etc/wine/
+	install -d $BR/etc/wine/
+	install -m 644 wine.ini $BR/etc/wine/wine.conf
+	# Put all our DLLs in a seperate directory. (this works only if you have a buildroot)
+	install -d $BR/usr/X11R6/lib/wine
+	mv $BR/usr/X11R6/lib/lib* $BR/usr/X11R6/lib/wine/
+	# the clipboard server is started on demand.
+	install -m 755 dlls/x11drv/wineclipsrv $BR/usr/X11R6/bin/
+	# The Wine server is needed.
+	install -m 755 server/wineserver $BR/usr/X11R6/bin/
+Here we unfortunately do need to create wineuser.reg and winesystem.reg
+from the Wine distributed winedefault.reg. This can be done using regedit
+once for one example user and then reusing his WINECONFDIR/user.reg and
+WINECONFDIR/system.reg files.
+FIXME: this needs to be done better.
+	install -m 644 wine.sytemreg $BR/etc/wine/
+	install -m 644 wine.userreg $BR/etc/wine/
+There are now a lot of libraries generated by the build process, so a 
+seperate library directory should be used.
+	install -d 755 $BR/usr/X11R6/lib/
+	mv $BR/
+You will need to package the files:
+	$prefix/bin/wine, $prefix/bin/dosmod, $prefix/lib/wine/*
+	$prefix/man/man1/wine.1, $prefix/include/wine/*,
+	$prefix/bin/wineserver, $prefix/bin/wineclipsrv
+	%config /etc/wine/*
+	%doc ... choose from the toplevel directory and documentation/
+The post-install script:
+	if ! grep -q /usr/X11R6/lib/wine /etc/; then
+	    echo "/usr/X11R6/lib/wine" &gt;&gt; /etc/
+	fi
+	/sbin/ldconfig
+The post-uninstall script:
+	if [ "$1" = 0 ]; then
+	    perl -ni -e 'print unless m:/usr/X11R6/lib/wine:;' /etc/
+	fi
+	/sbin/ldconfig
+2. Creating a good default configuration file. 
+For the rationales of needing as less input from the user as possible arises 
+the need for a very good configuration file. The one supplied with Wine is 
+currently lacking. We need:
+    * [Drive X]: 
+	- A for the floppy. Specify your distribution's default floppy mountpoint.
+		Path=/auto/floppy
+	- C for the C:\ directory. Here we use the user's home directory, for most
+	  applications do see C:\ as root-writeable directory of every windows
+	  installation and this basically is it in the UNIX-user context.
+		Path=${HOME}
+	- R for the CD-Rom drive. Specify your distribution's default CD-ROM mountpoint.
+		Path=/auto/cdrom
+	- T for temporary storage. We do use /tmp/ (rationale: between process 
+	  temporary data belongs to /tmp/ , FHS 2.0)
+		Path=/tmp/
+	- W for the original Windows installation. This drive points to the
+	  WINDOWSDIR subdirectory of the original windows installation.
+	  This avoids problems with renamed WINDOWSDIR directories (as for 
+	  instance lose95, win or sys\win95). During compile/package/install
+	  we leave this to be / , it has to be configured after the package install.
+	- Z for the UNIX Root directory. This avoids any roblems with 
+	  "could not find drive for current directory" users occasionally complain
+	  about in the newsgroup and the irc channel. It also makes the whole 
+	  directory structure browseable. The type of Z should be network,
+	  so applications expect it to be readonly.
+		Path=/
+    * [wine]:
+	Windows=c:\windows\ 		(the windows/ subdirectory in the user's
+				 home directory)
+	System=c:\windows\system\	(the windows/system subdirectory in the user's
+  					 home directory)
+	Path=c:\windows;c:\windows\system;c:\windows\system32;w:\;w:\system;w:\system32;
+	; Using this trick we have in fact two windows installations in one, we
+	; get the stuff from the readonly installation and can write to our own.
+	Temp=t:\			(the TEMP directory)
+    * [Tweak.Layout]
+	WineLook=win95                (just the coolest look ;)
+    * Possibly modify the [spooler], [serialports] and [parallelports] sections.
+      FIXME: possibly more, including printer stuff.
+Add this prepared configuration file to the package.
+3. Installing Wine for the system administrator
+Install the package using the usual packager 'rpm -i wine.rpm'.
+You may edit /etc/wine/wine.conf , [Drive W], to point to a
+possible Windows installation right after the install. That's it.
+Note that on Linux you should somehow try to add the unhide mount optioni
+(see 'man mount') to the CD-ROM entry in /etc/fstab during package install,
+as several stupid Windows programs mark some setup (!) files as hidden 
+(ISO9660) on CD-ROMs, which will greatly confuse users as they won't find 
+their setup files on the CD-ROMs as they were used on Windows systems when
+unhide is not set ;-\ And of course the setup program will complain
+that setup.ins or some other mess is missing... If you choose to do so, 
+then please make this change verbose to the admin.
+Also make sure that the kernel you use includes the Joliet CD-ROM support, 
+for the very same reasons as given above (no long filenames due to missing 
+Joliet, files not found).
+4. Installing Wine for the user
+The user will need to run a setup script before the first invocation of Wine. 
+This script should:
+    * Copy /etc/wine/wine.conf for user modification.
+    * Allow specification of the original windows installation to use
+      (which modifies the copied wine.conf file).
+    * Create the windows directory structure (c:\windows, c:\windows\system,
+      c:\windows\Start Menu\Programs, c:\Program Files, c:\Desktop, etc.)
+    * Symlink all .dll and .exe files from the original windows installation
+      to the windows directory. Why? Some programs reference 
+      "%windowsdir%/file.dll" or "%systemdir%/file.dll" directly and fail
+      if they are not present.  This will give a huge number of symlinks, yes.
+      However, if an installer later overwrites one of those files, it will 
+      overwrite the symlink (so that the file now lies in the windows/
+      subdirectory). FIXME: Not sure this is needed for all files.
+    * On later invocation the script might want to compare regular files in 
+      the user's windows directories and in the global windows directories
+      and replace same files by symlinks (to avoid diskspace problems).
+Written in 1999 by Marcus Meissner <marcus at>
+Updated in 2000 by Jeremy White <jwhite at>
+Updated in 2002 by Andreas Mohr <andi at>
+Updated in 2003 by Tom Wickline <twickline2 at>
+Updated in 2003 by Dimitrie O. Paun <dpaun at>


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