[Wine]How to : C++ DLLs

Peter Quiring pquiring at hotmail.com
Tue Nov 9 14:25:17 CST 2004

I remember seeing a message somewhere about C++ DLLs and wanting  to 
implement them in Winelib.  Well here is an idea that I use in Windows that 
works great:

Define your class in a common header (let's call it dll.hpp):

class DllClass {
    int somedata;
   virtual void member(int arg);

Define the DLL source with two exports:

#include <dll.hpp>
extern "C" __declspec(dllexport) DllClass *new_DllClass() {
  return new DllClass;
extern "C" __declspec(dllexport) void delete_DllClass(DllClass *x) {
  delete x;
void DllClass::member(int arg) {
  //do something with arg..

Then in your main source code just load the DLL, get the addr of 
new_DllClass and delete_DllClass to create and destroy classes of type 
DllClass.  The members of the class must be 'virtual' so that the main 
source will call into the loaded DLL (otherwise it will not even compile).
Now that you only have two simple "C" style exports the SPEC file that 
Winelib uses will be easy to setup.
There will of course be an extra jmp because of the virtual table, but the 
benefits outway the cost.

Main Source:

#include <dll.hpp>
int main() {
  DllClass *(new_DllClass*)();   //func ptr to new_DllClass
  void (delete_DllClass*)(DllClass *);  //func ptr to delete_DllClass
  DllClass *myClass;
  new_DllClass = GetProcAddress("new_DllClass");
  delete_DllClass = GetProcAddress("delete_DllClass");
  myClass = (*new_DllClass)();
  //use myClass here

Hope this helps.

Peter Quiring

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